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id acadia19_616
authors Sitnikov, Vasily; Eigenraam, Peter; Papanastasis, Panagiotis; Wassermann-Fry, Stephan
year 2019
title IceFormwork for Cast HPFRC Elements
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp. 616-627
summary The following paper introduces a design implementation of an innovative fabrication method that aims at enabling an environmental and automated production of geometrically challenging cast concrete elements. The fabrication method is based on the use of ice as the molding material for cast concrete. Empirical testing of ice CNC-processing, and a concrete mix capable of hardening at subzero temperatures was undertaken during previous research stages. The current paper illustrates a practical application of ice formwork. A fašade rain screen has been developed using algorithmic modeling to illustrate a common case in which a non-repetitive geometrical pattern requires individual formwork to be produced for each element. Existing industrial methods capable of delivering such a project for formidable costs are based on CNC-processed expanded polystyrene (EPS), wood-based materials, or industrial wax formwork. These materials have been found to be either difficult to recycle, expensive, insufficiently strong, energy- or labor-intensive to produce. Preliminary evaluation has shown that ice, used in their place, facilitates a much cleaner, economic, and an even more energy-efficient process. Moreover, a very gentle demolding process through ice-thawing eliminates any shock stresses exposed on newly cast concrete and provides optimal curing conditions. As a result, the thickness of fašade elements can be reduced while still fulfilling all structural requirements.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
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last changed 2019/12/18 08:03
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