CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 541 to 560 of 730

_id 7793
authors Montañez, Darién
year 2001
title TESIS: ARQ.PMA.76/00 (Thesis: ARQ.PMA.76/00)
source SIGraDi biobio2001 - [Proceedings of the 5th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics / ISBN 956-7813-12-4] Concepcion (Chile) 21-23 november 2001, pp. 13-15
summary Chaos and disorder are adjectives repeated ad nauseam in contemporary discussions on the City of Panama and its architecture. This study intends to find an order in this apparent chaos and chart the development of Panamanian Architecture during the last 25 years. Going beyond the expected list of every important building of the period, we offer a vision of Architecture as a blob generated by these milestones and that envelops them, moving and changing shape with time. This fluctuating form, which is the Architecture of Panama from 1976 to 2000, is generated by using a Style Vs. Time graph, a diagram that allows us to plot each building according to its “style”.
series SIGRADI
email darienm@mac.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 95e9
authors Monteiro de Menezes, Alexandre
year 2000
title O uso do computador no ensino de desenho de representação nas Escolas de Arquitetura Brasileiras (The Use of Computers for Teaching Representation Drawings in Brazilians Schools of Architecture)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 374-376
summary This paper studies the computer in teaching drawings in architecture schools. To accomplish it differences are set between expression and representation drawings and three periods are analyzed from the perspective of historical evolution of representation drawing and relationship with architects. The first period is Renaissance and we focus on the appearance of the Perspective Method. The second is the VVIII century and the development of the Projective Method. The third is the XX century and the advent of graphic computation. The information technology in architecture course must be regarded as issue for the entire institution. We conclude that the challenge for Architecture Schools is to create ways of using computer in the architectural project process. This research show that the possibilities of teaching break away with the importance given to the projective drawing and setting the three dimensional environment as the starting point for the process of architectonic creation.
series SIGRADI
email amenezes.bhz@zaz.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id c991
authors Moorhouse, Jon and Brown,Gary
year 1999
title Autonomous Spatial Redistribution for Cities
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 678-684
summary The paper investigates an automated methodology for the appropriate redistribution of usable space in distressed areas of inner cities. This is achieved by categorising activity space and making these spaces morphologically mobile in relation to the topography within a representative artificial space. The educational module has been influenced by theories from the natural environment, which possess patterns that have inherent evolutionary programmes in which the constituents are recyclable, Information is strategically related to the environment to produce forms of growth and behaviour. Artificial landscape patterns fail to evolve, the inhabited landscape needs a means of starting from simplicity and building into the most complex of systems that are capable of re-permutation over time. The paper then describes the latest methodological development in terms of a shift from the use of the computer as a tool for data manipulation to embracing the computer as a design partner. The use of GDL in particular is investigated as a facilitator for such generation within a global, vectorial environment.
keywords Animated, Urban, Programme, Education, Visual Database
series eCAADe
email Jonhat@aol.com
last changed 1999/10/10 12:52

_id 963d
authors Moreau, Karen A. and Back, W. Edward
year 2000
title Improving the design process with information management
source Automation in Construction 10 (1) (2000) pp. 127-140
summary This paper presents a method to quantify the time and cost impacts on Engineer, Procure, and Construct (EPC) projects resulting from information management driven process changes to the design process. Many engineering and construction companies have implemented information technologies and other changes, fully expecting to save time and cost, gain competitive advantage, improve productivity, better align project objectives, and improve product quality. Previous efforts to quantify benefits have been function or technology specific. The method described herein illustrates the value of evaluating process improvement strategies at the project level to avoid misleading conclusions regarding the actual benefit of investments. The research results strongly suggest that information management strategies applied to the design process may substantially improve total project performance.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id sigradi2014_164
id sigradi2014_164
authors Moroni Dotoranda, Janaina Luisa da Silva; Paulo Edi Rivero Martins, Dr.Giuseppe Lotti
year 2014
title Estilo de herramientas didácticas que favorecen la creatividad. Tema: Nuevas metodologías de aprendizaje
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 245-249
summary Creativity is an important factor for innovators. According to Eguchi and Pinheiro (2008) the basis of design is innovation because of the use creative methodology. It’s important to remember that the word “project” comes from the Latin “proyectus”, meaning “a forward throwing action”. According to Ramos (2006), “educating for creativity is essential.” Beetlestone (2000), De Bono (1993), Munari (1997) and Pawlak (2000) argue that as we’re children we’re curious to find answers to everything, but that traditional schooling brakes the creativity. This research is a methodological test which aims to identify the reasons for student’s selection of specific creative tools used in university projects.
keywords Creativity; Innovation; Design; Education; Freedom
series SIGRADI
email Janaina.moroni@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 9d3a
authors Morozumi, M., Uchiyama, T., Homma, R. and Tanae, M.
year 2000
title A City Model for Studies of a Citizen's Way-Finding Behaviors
source CAADRIA 2000 [Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 981-04-2491-4] Singapore 18-19 May 2000, pp. 77-87
summary This paper discusses the necessary features for a QTVR (cylinder-VR) based simulation system to study a citizen's behavior of finding their way to particular points, as well as observations found in the case studies that used several prototypes developed as a step in the studies. The authors tested prototype systems developed for a downtown shopping area of Kumamoto City, and observed answers to questionnaires in which 30 students who are familiar with the site compared the three prototypes. After observing cognitive maps sketched by nine strangers to the site, and after virtual walks with one of those prototypes: prototype-III, the authors concluded that it could provide a necessary level of visual representation and system operations as a tool for simulating citizens' travel behaviors.
series CAADRIA
email moro@arch.kumamoto-u.ac.jp, 991d9339@eng3.stud.kumamoto-u.ac.jp, homma@arch.kumamoto-u.ac.jp, 963t1521@eng3.stud.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
last changed 2000/08/07 07:11

_id fe09
authors Morozumi, Mitsuo and Homma, Riken
year 2001
title A Design Studio Program that Applied Groupware to Stimulate Students’ Interactions - A Case Study of Junior Studio
source Architectural Information Management [19th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-8-1] Helsinki (Finland) 29-31 August 2001, pp. 317-322
summary Since 1996, Kumamoto University has repeated several experiments to apply web-based collaborative design techniques to a junior design studio to stimulate students’ interaction in the class and to enhance their design abilities. As it became evident after a two-year experiment that writing web pages and uploading them to a web server was a barrier of communication for students, the authors developed a web-based groupware called GWNotebook, and started using it in 1998. In the fall semester of 2000, the authors tested the groupware in a revised version, and a new program of studio instructions that assumed the use of the groupware. This paper, referring students’ answers to two sets of questionnaire respectively carried out in 1997 and 2000, discusses the effectiveness of groupware and the instruction program.
keywords Design Studio, Groupware, Www, Information Sharing, Design Communication
series eCAADe
email moro@arch.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
last changed 2003/05/16 19:27

_id 2a47
authors Mortola, E., Giangrande, A., Mirabelli, P. and Fortuzzi, A.
year 1999
title Interactive Didactic Modules for On-Line Learning via Internet
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 273-278
summary On-line learning can become a very efficient method of teaching in the University of the future. The Students can plan their curricula by selecting the offers of some universities coordinated that meet their specific aims. The communication interchange between student and teacher can be enriched through new forms of interaction via network technology. Laboratories of interactive design, which involve the participation of citizens, can become a good occasion to learn designing linked to the human needs. The architect who is interested in the sustainable development has to consider local needs and interact with users to build a new environment full of local values.
keywords On-Line Learning, Internet, Teaching Modules, Participation, Collaborative Design, Neighbourhood Municipal Laboratories
series eCAADe
email mortola@arch.uniroma3.it
more http://rmac.arch.uniroma3.it
last changed 1999/10/10 12:52

_id b7ff
authors Mullins, Michael and Van Zyl, Douw
year 2000
title Self-Selecting Digital Design Students
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 85-88
summary Recent years have seen the increasing use of digital media in undergraduate architectural education at UND, and which has been fuelled by students themselves taking up the tools available to practising architects. This process of self-selection may hold valuable lessons for the development of architectural curricula. An experimental design studio offered as an elective to UND undergraduates in 1999 has indicated that the design work produced therein, most often differed remarkably from the previous work of the same students using only traditional media. In so far as digital environments rapidly provide new and strange objects and images for students to encounter, those students are driven to interpret, transform or customise that environment in innovative ways, thereby making it their own. It is clear that the full integration of digital environments into architectural education will profoundly effect the outcomes of student work. We have observed that some self-selecting students struggle in expressing ideas through repre-sentative form in traditional studios. The question arises whether these students are "onto something" which they intuitively understand as better suited to their abilities, or whether in fact they are see digital tools as a means to avoid those areas in design in which they experience difficulties. Through observation of a group of "self-selectors" the authors attempt to lead useful generalisations; to develop a theory and method for facilitators to deal with specific students; and to work toward the development of suitable curricula for these cases.
keywords Architectural Education, Digital Media, Learning Styles
series eCAADe
email mullins@gwise.mc.und.ac.za, vanzyl@gwise.mc.und.ac.za
more http://www.uni-weimar.de/ecaade/
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id f9f7
authors Mullins, Michael
year 1999
title Forming, Planning, Imaging and Connecting
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 178-185
summary This paper sets out to define aspects of the architectural design process, using historical precedent and architectural theory, and tests the relationship of those aspects to the application of computers in architectural design, particularly in an educational context. The design process sub-sets are defined as: Forming, Planning, Imaging and Connecting. Historical precedents are uncovered in Classical, Modern, Postmodern and Contemporary architecture. The defined categories of the design process are related to current usages of computers in architectural education towards elucidating the strengths and weaknesses of digital media in those areas. Indications of their concurrent usage in digital design will be demonstrated in analysis of design studio programs presented at recent ACADIA conferences. An example of a current design studio programme set at the School of Architecture University of Natal, South Africa in which the above described categories give an underlying structure to the introduction of 3D digital modelling to undergraduates through design process. The definition of this set of design activities may offer a useful method for other educators in assessing existing and future design programs where digital tools are used.
keywords Design-Process, Digital-Media, Design-Programmes
series eCAADe
email madura@iafrica.com
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id 1bae
authors Murad, Carlos Alberto
year 2000
title O Fotográfico e o Fotopoético na criação digital (The Photographic and the "Photopoetic" in Digital Creation)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 325-327
summary This paper discusses the aesthetical motivations which would lead the appropriation of the photographic image by the differents imagetic creation, without considering the base’s nature. The study looks at the regard’s idiosyncrasies, the photographic image nature and its aesthetic apreension as a photopoetic reality. This would establish the creator from differents imagetic poetics would lead the appropriation of the photograhic. The theoretical basis of this study is Bachelard’s Phenomenology of the creative imagination and poetic image.
series SIGRADI
email cmurad@acd.ufrj.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id f7d5
authors Murakami, T. and Nakajima, N.
year 2000
title DO-IT: deformable object as input tool for 3-D geometric operation
source Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 32 (1) (2000) pp. 5-16
summary In this paper, a new concept of an interface system for 3-D geometric operation using a deformable real object as an input tool is proposed. By deforming the tool with barehands by tactile feedback, users can deform a 3-D shape modeled and displayed on a computer screen directly and intuitively. By adopting a free form deformation-orientedapproach, the interface enables various types of 3-D shape operations using a rather simple input tool. A prototype of the deformable object as input tool (DO-IT) interfacesystem using a cubic input tool made of foam rubber and strain gauges demonstrates the effectiveness and potential of the concept.
keywords Human Interface, 3-D Input Device, Geometric Operation
series journal paper
email murakami@design.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp
last changed 2003/05/15 19:33

_id b0b0
authors Murison, Alison
year 1999
title Less is More - Enhancing CAD Instruction by Enabling Student Centred Learning, a Case Study for Learning 2000
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 262-265
summary This paper describes a structured programme of instruction in the use and application of CAD to architectural design, where programmed lectures and seminars were abandoned to be replaced by student centred learning and appropriate support. The Third Year CAD course at Edinburgh College of Art was reshaped completely. Only one lecture was given to outline the course, thereafter all attendance was optional, and a variety of learning methods were offered. Student reaction was recorded and the learning outcome assessed. Final student marks showed a definite improvement.
keywords Learning, CAAD, Student Centred
series eCAADe
email a.murison@eca.ac.uk
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id 329a
authors Muro, Tatsuro and Shigematsu, Takahisa
year 2000
title Automation and optimal design method of a wheeled vehicle operating over sloped weak sandy terrain
source Automation in Construction 9 (3) (2000) pp. 277-297
summary In this paper, a mathematical model of wheeled vehicle tractive or braking performance was developed and verified by experimental data. Then, various center of gravity and height of application force movement effects were analysed by simulation analysis. For a given set of vehicle dimensions and terrain wheel system constants, the simulation calculated effective tractive or braking effort and rear wheel sinkage, slip ratio or skid of a special designed wheeled robotic vehicle running over sloped weak sandy terrain for straight forward motion. For a 5.88 kN weight vehicle, the optimal eccentricity of center of gravity, the optimal application height and the maximum slope angle of terrain could be determined for rear-wheel drive (RWD), front-wheel drive (FWD), four-wheel drive (4WD) or rear-wheel brake (RWB), front-wheel brake (FWB), and four-wheel brake (4WB) travel systems.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id f345
authors Mustoe, Julian E. H. and Silva, Neander F.
year 2000
title The Teaching of Knowledge Management Systems in Architecture: a Domain Oriented Approach
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 350-351
summary The teaching of artificial intelligence techniques in architecture has generally adopted a computer science oriented approach. However, most of these teaching experiment have failed to raise enthusiasm on the students or long term interest in the subject. It is argued in this paper that the main cause for this failure is due to the approach adopted. A different approach, that is, an domain oriented one will then be described as a promising teaching strategy.
series SIGRADI
email julian@unb.br, neander@unb.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id 2151
authors Nakamura, H., Homma, R. and Morozumi, M.
year 1999
title On the development of Excavation Support System
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 341-348
summary This paper is about the development of a system that supports excavation surveys by use of a PC. The system consists of two sub-systems: One is the Onsite Support System (OSS). Other is the Excavation Data Shearing System (EDSS). OSS combines a database with a general purpose CAD system. When OSS is used, it is description by excavation site and information can be managed. EDSS combines a WEB server, a database, and a VRML server. When EDSS is used, information of relic can be shared on the Internet and discussed by researchers away from the site. It provides the users with a virtual reality experience of the excavation site. The experimental system has been used as a tool by practical excavation survey of Islam city ruins from the Middle Ages in the Arab Republic of Egypt. In this paper, the framework of the system is introduced. The authors verified the effectiveness of the system by participating in an excavation survey.
keywords Excavation Support, Onsite Work, Data Sharing, WEB, VRML
series eCAADe
email homma@arch.kumamoto-u.ac.jp
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id d8df
authors Naticchia, Berardo
year 1999
title Physical Knowledge in Patterns: Bayesian Network Models for Preliminary Design
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 611-619
summary Computer applications in design have pursued two main development directions: analytical modelling and information technology. The former line has produced a large number of tools for reality simulation (i.e. finite element models), the latter is producing an equally large amount of advances in conceptual design support (i.e. artificial intelligence tools). Nevertheless we can trace rare interactions between computation models related to those different approaches. This lack of integration is the main reason of the difficulty of CAAD application to the preliminary stage of design, where logical and quantitative reasoning are closely related in a process that we often call 'qualitative evaluation'. This paper briefly surveys the current development of qualitative physical models applied in design and propose a general approach for modelling physical behaviour by means of Bayesian network we are employing to develop a tutoring and coaching system for natural ventilation preliminary design of halls, called VENTPad. This tool explores the possibility of modelling the causal mechanism that operate in real systems in order to allow a number of integrated logical and quantitative inference about the fluid-dynamic behaviour of an hall. This application could be an interesting connection tool between logical and analytical procedures in preliminary design aiding, able to help students or unskilled architects, both to guide them through the analysis process of numerical data (i.e. obtained with sophisticate Computational Fluid Dynamics software) or experimental data (i.e. obtained with laboratory test models) and to suggest improvements to the design.
keywords Qualitative Physical Modelling, Preliminary Design, Bayesian Networks
series eCAADe
email Naticchia@idau.unian.it
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id 998a
authors Navon, R.,
year 2000
title Process and quality control with a video camera, for a floor-tilling robot
source Automation in Construction 10 (1) (2000) pp. 113-125
summary The paper describes the development of a floor-tiling robot. Both the development and the performance measurements of the robot were carried out with a graphic simulation system. Based on those measurements and on a time study of the corresponding manual work, the robot's work output is expected to be 2–5 times higher than that of the manual work. It was decided to concentrate, at this stage of the development, on the robot's autonomy at a workstation, which means that all operations at a workstation –– stabilizing and calibrating, loading tiles, etc. –– including real-time quality assurance (QA) are done without human intervention, while the transfer between workstations is assisted by an operator. The QA function has to identify the exact location and orientation of tiles to be taken, since they may be expected to differ from those specified in the robot's program. This is needed in order to allow accurate placing of the tiles in straight lines and with a uniform distance between them. Additionally, the QA function has to identify defective tiles. A computer vision system was developed to perform the QA functions. The prototype, its operational principles, and the experiments are described. The system's limitations are discussed together with needs for further research.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id 63d2
authors Ng, Edward and Wu, Wei
year 2000
title Working with the Bits and Digits of Lighting Studies in Architectural Education
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 231-234
summary The study investigates learning and pedagogical differences between using physical models and computational simulations for architectural lighting design studies. The vehicle of the study is a real life architectural project for a church building. The research reveals that users of physical models were more aware of the need for technical knowledge whilst the users of simulation software are more contended with the virtual results without evaluating them critically. Preliminary results not only confirm the long established view that the computational simulation lacks the tactile quality for architectural understanding; worst still, it gives inexperienced users illusions of knowledge and claims of understanding. To further validate the results, works involving a larger sample set and a more comprehensive design program should be conducted.
keywords Daylighting, Design Process, Physical Models, Digital Model
series eCAADe
email wuwei@cuhk.edu.hk
more http://www.uni-weimar.de/ecaade/
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id f34b
authors Nir, Eyal
year 2000
title Smart, Green and in Between - Rethinking the Office Tower
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 10-11
summary The towers that paint Montreal’s skyline are relics of the 20th century. Towers that express the power of capital on the outside turn out to be almost empty from within. It looks like there was a race to reach the skies - to touch the Mount Royal peak. I remember an attorney working in one of those skyscrapers telling me “the windows are for the lawyers and here in the dark open space is where you can find the slaves.” His words took my imagination to think of a boat in the ancient times where slaves where rowing to the rhythm of the drums. But then I realized the contradiction here - I told him “you should place your ‘slaves’ next to the windows if you want them to be able to row and bring your boat to safe land.”
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/12/14 08:21

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