CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 292

_id 3b6f
authors Bund, Elizabeth and Macchi, Alejandra
year 2000
title La Dimensión Temporal Lo secuencial y lo concurrente en el proceso proyectual (The Temporal Dimension: The Secuential and the Concurent in the Design Process)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 115-119
summary Every architectonic problem is thought and solved through certain period of time. In fact, architectonic thinking, as a mental representation of an object is long, plentiful, vast and continuous. Temporal dimension defines in this way its pertinence at project proceeding. However digital media has modified its temporality profile . Dynamics of space-time relation in project dimension is modified by the reformulation of shape-place-materiality and light traditional concepts.If we could assure that temporal variable has presented from sequenciality, as operations characterized by a high determinism and so accomplishing some unavoidable stages. Digital media, establishes concurrence and juxtaposition, sequences become smaller until their superposition and fusion as well.Simultaneity of thoughts reinforces the sincronic and the permanent. While vivid simulation in the mobile field, introduces notion of time and to become.
series SIGRADI
email elizabethbund@topmail.com.ar, almacchi@mdp.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ga0013
id ga0013
authors Annunziato, Mauro and Pierucci, Piero
year 2000
title Artificial Worlds, Virtual Generations
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary The progress in the scientific understanding/simulation of the evolution mechanisms and the first technological realizations (artificial life environments, robots, intelligent toys, self reproducing machines, agents on the web) are creating the base of a new age: the coming of the artificial beings and artificial societies. Although this aspect could seems a technological conquest, by our point of view it represent the foundation of a new step in the human evolution. The anticipation of this change is the development of a new cultural paradigm inherited from the theories of evolution and complexity: a new way to think to the culture, aesthetics and intelligence seen as emergent self-organizing qualities of a collectivity evolved along the time through genetic and language evolution. For these reasons artificial life is going to be an anticipatory and incredibly creative area for the artistic expression and imagination. In this paper we try to correlate some elements of the present research in the field of artificial life, art and technological grow up in order to trace a path of development for the creation of digital worlds where the artificial beings are able to evolve own culture, language and aesthetics and they are able to interact con the human people.Finally we report our experience in the realization of an interactive audio-visual art installation based on two connected virtual worlds realized with artificial life environments. In these worlds,the digital individuals can interact, reproduce and evolve through the mechanisms of genetic mutations. The real people can interact with the artificial individuals creating an hybrid ecosystem and generating emergent shapes, colors, sound architectures and metaphors for imaginary societies, virtual reflections of the real worlds.
series other
email plancton@plancton.com
more http://www.generativeart.com/
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

_id 038b
authors Barron, Alicia
year 2000
title Generación de Objetos Autónomos en Mundos Virtuales (Generation of Autonomous Objects in Virtual Worlds)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 310-312
summary The goal of this paper is to define the processes that enable the simulation of an autonomous pedestrian’s journeys in confined spaces; and to determine their paths beginning with random processes under preset parameters in a generic fashion as well as doing so in a manner independent from walking movement. We present a conceptual model designed to generate pedestrian journeys, taking into account the focuses of attraction and their influence in the paths taken. In order to implement this model, we add to an architectural blueprint the elements necessary to recognize the geometric characteristics of the World (Limits, Focuses and Portals) that affect the displacements of pedestrians. These characteristics enable us to determine the paths to be taken in the World. The issues of the simulation (the position that each pedestrian occupies for unit of time) can be used by other applications, to generate animations or to verify critical situations.
series SIGRADI
email barron@ub.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ab35
authors Birn, Jeremy and Maestri, George
year 2000
title Digital Lighting & Rendering
source New Riders Publishing
summary Using computer graphic and 3-D tools to create accurate images is easy; using them to produce beautiful, inviting, memorable images requires more than technical skill. [digital] Lighting & Rendering introduces reasons and techniques for using light, shadow, texture, and composition. The book is not software-specific, but demonstrates techniques that are applicable to almost any 3-D graphics application.
series other
last changed 2003/02/26 17:58

_id 3d30
authors Castañé, D., Dehó, C. and Tessier, C.
year 2000
title Consecuencias y Alcances de los Procesos de Modelizacion: Una visión pedagógica-experimental del desarrollo de imágenes virtuales (Consequences and Potentiality of Modeling Processes : A pedagogical-experimental Vision on the Development of Virtual Images)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 292-294
summary The proposal is a discussion of the present limits offered by the modeling systems used in the educational environment. The perception of the space in the Renaissance period (Benevolo 92) and the multidimensional spaces observed in several design experiments (Bermúdez-Neiman 98), (Schmitt 99), (Eisenman 99) allow us to infer that the applications of 3D modeling procedures, has a vast spectrum of possibilities It is possible to distinguish six operative gradients according to the level of complexity when representing 3D spatial organization in architecture, according the architecture design strategy using Takes in consideration the factors that affects the “simulation” of reality according to several perceptive conditions that could alter the conventional visions of the 3D models.
series SIGRADI
email dcastane@elsitio.net
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id 2b39
authors Duarte, Rovenir Bertola
year 2000
title O Uso do Computador no Ensino de Projeto: (por) uma Avaliação (Or Use do Computer nonEnsino de Project: (by) uma Avaliaction)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 361-363
summary The computer approaches to the discipline of project near the fifties, with the idea that all the systems and processes can be object of mathematical simulation. However in the last times, the computers were used more in drawings than in the projects, “CADrafting is uncommon (...) and CADesign is almost nonexistent...” (STEVEN, 1991). At the same time it happened a surprising approach with to architecture schools. It stimulated more methodological approaches, and the subject moved, placing the computer as element transformer. The computers have really been changing the production and generation of documents, but the question is if it has been altering the method or process of elaboration of ideas. After so much search in direction to the computers it is time of thinking what was gotten with them and the problems that accompanies him. The work search to discuss the subjects where the computer influences in the learning and the students’ development.
series SIGRADI
email rovenir@uel.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id 2f3d
authors Jiménez, Rodolfo
year 2000
title Investigación Docente en Diseño Arquitectónico Asistido por Computación (Faculty Research on Computer Aided Design)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 333-335
summary These works systematise the educational exploration experience carried out in the context of a computer course of the third year of the architecture career. In this experience it is established a digital process parallel to the one carried out in the workshop of architectural design. Taking as a base the same assignment, the exploration is guided to develop a methodology for the digital environment that assists in the idea generation process. The exercise carried out is the exploration of an abstract model, which is subject to transformation operations. In both, the architectural workshop and in the computer course. The digital exploration incorporates the study of the physical phenomenon that qualify the space (light, transparency, opacity, texture) and how these phenomenon influence the perception of the model’s internal space in future design transformations. The experience goes from a completely abstract model, to one in which transformations provide inhabitable architectural qualities. The model in this stage is what we denominated as “artefact”.
series SIGRADI
email rjimenez@lauca.usach.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id sigradi2007_af103
id sigradi2007_af103
authors Juarez Moara, Santos Franco; Luciana Silva Salgado
year 2007
title Conception and analysis of structural system of membrane in 3DS Max and SAP2000 [Concepção e análise de sistema estrutural de membrana em 3DS Max e SAP2000]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 58-63
summary This paper presents the limitations and the potentialities of the joint job of the programs 3DS MAX and SAP2000 in the conception and analysis of structural system of membrane. The modeling for method of the dependent surfaces of curves NURBS was compared with surfaces defined for mathematical expressions in 3DS MAX; the creative potentialities of the clones, the stacks of modifiers and extension MATH MAX had been collated with the restrictions of project, as well as presented data-exchange procedures for simulation of efforts in SAP2000.
keywords CAE; Membrane; 3DS Max; Math Max; SAP 2000
series SIGRADI
email juarezfranco_arquiteto@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id ga0011
id ga0011
authors Maldonado, Gabriel
year 2000
title Travels in Space and Time, Explorations of Virtual SoundScapes, Multi-dimensionalism of Digital Music
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary Composition and performance of Computer Music still keep some of the features of traditional music, together with new ones. Rhythm, melody, harmony can still be present in new paradigms (even if they are not necessarily required when dealing with computer music), but new compositional parameters are coming to light, causing the term «music» not always to be appropriate to describe new phenomena of sonic art. This paper will show some new paradigms of this kind of sonic art, as well as different view of old ones. Any past dogmas should be wiped out when dealing with digital arts. The rebellion against tonality of the first half of 20th century is surpassed now, and I believe that new music could use harmonic intervals without generating conflicts with the ideological problems which arose at that time (even if there are still many people who don’t admit it). Actually, digital domain opens a huge amount of unexplored worlds, making any past ideological dogma a prison we should free ourselves from. Nowadays, making music has many things in common with visual arts and scientific research. Many musical parameters can be applied to video arts, architecture, and vice-versa. Structure of sound has a lot of similarities with many other physical phenomena such as inner atomic structure, particle physics, astronomy, biology etc. This paper will deal with new uses and interpretations of old musical parameters (rhythm, harmony, melody) together with a presentation of some of the new ones. Debated topics are: ? Harmonic/inharmonic sounds, rhythm and melodies. The Deep Harmony (the harmony of spheres or cosmic harmony CYCLES). ? The inner structure and evolution of a single sound ? Interpretative music: Music generated by exploration of soundscapes or sonic architectures, generative processes constrained by interpreter’s gestures, state transitions between musical structures. ? Generative music: stocastic generation, algorithmic composition, levels of action. ? Music or non-music this is the problem (a terminology problem) ? Hyper-spatial music, virtual times, hyper-times. Time travels by means of sonic matter. ? Visual music. Generating 3D video by means of musical processes.    
series other
more http://www.generativeart.com/
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

_id 7449
authors Medero Rocha, Isabel A. and Danckwardt, Voltaire
year 2000
title Projeto Missões, Computação Gráfica - Multimídia da Reconstituição Computadorizada da Redução de São Miguel Arcanjo no Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil ("Missões" Project, Computer Graphics and Multimedia of the "Redução de São Miguel Arcanjo" Digital Reconstruction (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil))
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 191-193
summary The Project Missions - Graphical Computation, recoups in a graphical and digital the pictures of the Church and the Reduction of São Miguel Arcanjo/RS/Brasil, allowing to the public a virtual stroll through the set at the time of its foundation in 1687. Initiate in 1990, the design refers the appropriation and implementation of the new computational technologies. The 3D model allows the dynamic visualization of the set, through aerial sights and walkthrough animations into the main streets and the inward of the central ship of the church. For the generation of the model, it was followed the principles of the architectural composition to decompose the parts, to be shaped, defining the architectural and composition elements. This COMPACT DISC, is one of the some midias of the Design Missions - Graphical Computation. In this proposal, the music was developed especially for the COMPACT DISC, looks for to reflect the poetical aspect of the interaction between light, shadow, of the inwards and exteriors, attenuating the technology of a virtual environment. In the integration between the art and the technology its recovered virtually, the poetical way, the memory of one of the icons of the identity of the Rio Grande do Sul, with the objective to keep alive, for the new generations, a patrimony that practically in ruins would have the souvenir of its lost real picture in the time.
series SIGRADI
email isabel@prisma.unisinos.br, voltaire@prisma.unisinos.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id ecaade2016_132
id ecaade2016_132
authors Mohite, Ashish and Kotnik, Toni
year 2016
title Model Translations - Studies of translations between physical and digital architectural models
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 561-570
summary With the rise of the digital in architecture and the availability of digital fabrication tools, the interest in the material aspect of the model has intensified. At the same time, the design space for exploration of material behavior and its design potential has been extended from the physical into the digital. This has resulted in a cyclic set of translations from the physical realm into the digital by means of mathematical descriptions and back from the digital realm into the physical by means of digitally controlled fabrication processes. Despite the availability of more and more computational power and improvement of precision in simulation, these translations from the physical into the digital and vice versa can never be exact (Eco 2006), the translations from the physical model into a digital model and from the digital into the physical are "spaces of instability" (Evans 2000). The current paper explores in more detail this space of instability between physical and digital models, its potential for architectural design, and the central role of the mathematical description in this reciprocal set of translations.
wos WOS:000402063700061
keywords Architectural model; simulation; digital fabrication; material computation; material behavior
series eCAADe
email ashish.mohite@aalto.fi
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id fdb8
authors Montagu, A., Rodriguez Barros, D. and Chernobilsky, L.
year 2000
title The New Reality through Virtuality
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 225-229
summary In this paper we want to develop some conceptual reflections of the processes of virtualization procedures with the aim to indicate a series of misfits and mutations as byproducts of the “digital-graphic culture” (DGC) when we are dealing with the perception of the “digital space”. Considering the present situation, a bit chaotic from a pedagogical point of view, we also want to propose a set of “virtual space parameters” in order to organize in a systemic way the teaching procedures of architectural design when using digital technology. Nowadays there is a great variety of computer graphics applications comprising practically all the fields of “science & technology”, “architecture, design & urbanism”, “video & film”, “sound” and the massive amount of information technology protocols. This fact obliges us to have an overall view about the meaning of “the new reality through virtuality”. The paper is divided in two sections and one appendix. In the first section we recognise the relationships among the sensory apparatus, the cognitive structures of perception and the cultural models involved in the process of understanding the reality. In the second section, as architects, we use to have “a global set of social and technical responsabilities” to organize the physical space, but now we must also be able to organize the “virtual space” obtained from a multidimensional set of computer simulations. There are certain features that can be used as “sensory parameters” when we are dealing with architectural design in the “virtual world”, taking into consideration the differences between “immersive virtual reality” and “non inmersive virtual reality”. In the appendix we present a summary of some conclusions based on a set of pedagogical applications analysing the positive and the negative consequences of working exclusively in a “virtual world”.
keywords Virtualisation Processes, Simulation, Philosophy, Space, Design, Cyberspace
series eCAADe
email amontagu@fadu.uba.ar
more http://www.uni-weimar.de/ecaade/
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id 63d2
authors Ng, Edward and Wu, Wei
year 2000
title Working with the Bits and Digits of Lighting Studies in Architectural Education
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 231-234
summary The study investigates learning and pedagogical differences between using physical models and computational simulations for architectural lighting design studies. The vehicle of the study is a real life architectural project for a church building. The research reveals that users of physical models were more aware of the need for technical knowledge whilst the users of simulation software are more contended with the virtual results without evaluating them critically. Preliminary results not only confirm the long established view that the computational simulation lacks the tactile quality for architectural understanding; worst still, it gives inexperienced users illusions of knowledge and claims of understanding. To further validate the results, works involving a larger sample set and a more comprehensive design program should be conducted.
keywords Daylighting, Design Process, Physical Models, Digital Model
series eCAADe
email wuwei@cuhk.edu.hk
more http://www.uni-weimar.de/ecaade/
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id 8246
authors Rios-Castro, Lorena Itzel
year 2000
title Cybrid Tectonics: A Panama Canal Exhibition
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 15-16
summary This article is a summary of a thesis project directed under the supervision of Wassim Jabi and Mehrdad Hadighi] This thesis is based on the premise that space can be created by the interaction of physical and ephemeral elements with the human body. The physical elements create a frame on which the ephemeral rely, but it is the interaction between them that produces a distinct experience of space and place. Extensive and diverse preliminary explorations range from the use of digital media in the design process, video and multimedia as a revolutionary element in 20th century art and light as a way of expression for architectural installations exploring new media. From this body of information it was conceived that certain new media add an important and particular dimension to the traditional physical medium of architecture. This constitutes a controversial and innovative approach to the creation of space and most importantly to the experience of place.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/12/14 08:21

_id 0d27
authors Rodríguez Barros, Diana and Montagu, Arturo
year 2000
title PROCESOS DE VIRTUALIZACIóN, PLURALIDAD DE NUEVOS TIEMPOS Y PLURALIDAD DE NUEVOS ESPACIOS (PROCESSES OF VIRTUALIZATION, PLURALITY OF NEW TIMES AND PLURALITY OF NEW SPACES)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 77-80
summary The links among architecture, reality and materiality have remained basically unchanged through centuries. In the present world of mediatized, artificial and global culture, the appearance of digital technologies, among others, has led these links into an irreversible crisis. This work formulates theoretical reflections on these phenomena from dimensions of analysis which involve the concepts of plurality of new spaces and plurality of new times. Besides, it recognizes that these are non- neutral processes of transformation and mutation from one mode of being to another and that they affect the practices derived from graphic-digital culture, simulation and image synthesis, and therefore the new realities they originate. Finally, it presents some provisional conclusions which characterize virtualization processes from different angles, as: (-) Deterritorialization processes. (-) Desubstantiation processes of reality. (-) Hybrid processes. (-) Innovative processes by proposing the creation of unknown spaces and chronologies, and new interaction media.
series SIGRADI
type normal paper
email dibarros@mdp.edu.ar, amontagu@fadu.uba.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id 5bc1
authors Sampaio Nardelli, Eduardo
year 2000
title O Uso do Computador como Ferramenta de Ensino de Projeto de Arquitetura (The Use of Computers as a Tool for Architectural Design Teaching)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 355-357
summary The focus of this research is to demonstrate the possibilities of the use of computers on teaching Architectural Project. As faculty member at Mackenzie University we relate our experience, where we utilized scale models for the development of proposals, where it was assumed that the media used for expression of the concepts proposed by students interferes on the final result. Facing this assumption, we imagine that a Bricolage Studio could strongly improve the design classes. Considering the operational difficulties of this idea, we suggest that computer could be an alternative if used in the conceptual stage. So, we would have a Digital Bricolage Studio, where students could experience different visualization and simulation resources which stimulate their creative processes. We tried this experience with students of Faculdade de Belas Artes de S.Paulo and concluded that computer resources are also a way to understand and interpretate the spirit of our time.
series SIGRADI
email nardelli@mackenzie.com.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id avocaad_2001_19
id avocaad_2001_19
authors Shen-Kai Tang, Yu-Tung Liu, Yu-Sheng Chung, Chi-Seng Chung
year 2001
title The visual harmony between new and old materials in the restoration of historical architecture: A study of computer simulation
source AVOCAAD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Nys Koenraad, Provoost Tom, Verbeke Johan, Verleye Johan (Eds.), (2001) Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst - Departement Architectuur Sint-Lucas, Campus Brussel, ISBN 80-76101-05-1
summary In the research of historical architecture restoration, scholars respectively focus on the field of architectural context and architectural archeology (Shi, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995; Fu, 1995, 1997; Chiu, 2000) or on architecture construction and the procedure of restoration (Shi, 1988, 1989; Chiu, 1990). How to choose materials and cope with their durability becomes an important issue in the restoration of historical architecture (Dasser, 1990; Wang, 1998).In the related research of the usage and durability of materials, some scholars deem that, instead of continuing the traditional ways that last for hundreds of years (that is to replace new materials with old ones), it might be better to keep the original materials (Dasser, 1990). However, unavoidably, some of the originals are much worn. Thus we have to first establish the standard of eliminating components, and secondly to replace identical or similar materials with the old components (Lee, 1990). After accomplishing the restoration, we often unexpectedly find out that the renewed historical building is too new that the sense of history is eliminated (Dasser, 1990; Fu, 1997). Actually this is the important factor that determines the accomplishment of restoration. In the past, some scholars find out that the contrast and conflict between new and old materials are contributed to the different time of manufacture and different coating, such as antiseptic, pattern, etc., which result in the discrepancy of the sense of visual perception (Lee, 1990; Fu, 1997; Dasser, 1990).In recent years, a number of researches and practice of computer technology have been done in the field of architectural design. We are able to proceed design communication more exactly by the application of some systematic softwares, such as image processing, computer graphic, computer modeling/rendering, animation, multimedia, virtual reality and so on (Lawson, 1995; Liu, 1996). The application of computer technology to the research of the preservation of historical architecture is comparatively late. Continually some researchers explore the procedure of restoration by computer simulation technology (Potier, 2000), or establish digital database of the investigation of historical architecture (Sasada, 2000; Wang, 1998). How to choose materials by the technology of computer simulation influences the sense of visual perception. Liu (2000) has a more complete result on visual impact analysis and assessment (VIAA) about the research of urban design projection. The main subjects of this research paper focuses on whether the technology of computer simulation can extenuate the conflict between new and old materials that imposed on visual perception.The objective of this paper is to propose a standard method of visual harmony effects for materials in historical architecture (taking the Gigi Train Station destroyed by the earthquake in last September as the operating example).There are five steps in this research: 1.Categorize the materials of historical architecture and establish the information in digital database. 2.Get new materials of historical architecture and establish the information in digital database. 3.According to the mixing amount of new and old materials, determinate their proportion of the building; mixing new and old materials in a certain way. 4.Assign the mixed materials to the computer model and proceed the simulation of lighting. 5.Make experts and the citizens to evaluate the accomplished computer model in order to propose the expected standard method.According to the experiment mentioned above, we first address a procedure of material simulation of the historical architecture restoration and then offer some suggestions of how to mix new and old materials.By this procedure of simulation, we offer a better view to control the restoration of historical architecture. And, the discrepancy and discordance by new and old materials can be released. Moreover, we thus avoid to reconstructing ¡§too new¡¨ historical architecture.
series AVOCAAD
email tsk.aa88g@nctu.edu.tw
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id c51f
authors Voigt, A., Walchhofer, H.P. and Linzer, H.
year 2000
title City Experimental Lab
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 143-146
summary The present contribution deals with the required scale of performances regarding an adequate simulation environment for recent and future challenges of urban development planning based on the concept “City Experimental Lab, CEL”. This paper issues concrete project experience covering the capital city of Upper Austria, Linz. Such CEL could and should act as an “expert system” in the preliminary stages of decision-finding, making available all particulars regarding decisions to the politicians, the planning administration, outside advisors and particularly to the citizens concerned in the suited present-day manner. It could be used for work sessions of planning- or design councils, expert hearings, for the continuous information of citizens on present planning work at the various degrees of concreteness and commitment, etc.. Thus those possibilities are to be enhanced which turn the present city configuration into a virtual experience by integrating visions, utopias and the future developments.
series SIGRADI
email ifor-p@ifoer.tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2016/03/10 09:02

_id avocaad_2001_09
id avocaad_2001_09
authors Yu-Tung Liu, Yung-Ching Yeh, Sheng-Cheng Shih
year 2001
title Digital Architecture in CAD studio and Internet-based competition
source AVOCAAD - ADDED VALUE OF COMPUTER AIDED ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN, Nys Koenraad, Provoost Tom, Verbeke Johan, Verleye Johan (Eds.), (2001) Hogeschool voor Wetenschap en Kunst - Departement Architectuur Sint-Lucas, Campus Brussel, ISBN 80-76101-05-1
summary Architectural design has been changing because of the vast and creative use of computer in different ways. From the viewpoint of designing itself, computer has been used as drawing tools in the latter phase of design (Mitchell 1977; Coyne et al. 1990), presentation and simulation tools in the middle phase (Liu and Bai 2000), and even critical media which triggers creative thinking in the very early phase (Maher et al. 2000; Liu 1999; Won 1999). All the various roles that computer can play have been adopted in a number of professional design corporations and so-called computer-aided design (CAD) studio in schools worldwide (Kvan 1997, 2000; Cheng 1998). The processes and outcomes of design have been continuously developing to capture the movement of the computer age. However, from the viewpoint of social-cultural theories of architecture, the evolvement of design cannot be achieved solely by designers or design processes. Any new idea of design can be accepted socially, culturally and historically only under one condition: The design outcomes could be reviewed and appreciated by critics in the field at the time of its production (Csikszentmihalyi 1986, 1988; Schon and Wiggins 1992; Liu 2000). In other words, aspects of design production (by designers in different design processes) are as critical as those of design appreciation (by critics in different review processes) in the observation of the future trends of architecture.Nevertheless, in the field of architectural design with computer and Internet, that is, so-called computer-aided design computer-mediated design, or internet-based design, most existing studies pay more attentions to producing design in design processes as mentioned above. Relatively few studies focus on how critics act and how they interact with designers in the review processes. Therefore, this study intends to investigate some evolving phenomena of the interaction between design production and appreciation in the environment of computer and Internet.This paper takes a CAD studio and an Internet-based competition as examples. The CAD studio includes 7 master's students and 2 critics, all from the same countries. The Internet-based competition, held in year 2000, includes 206 designers from 43 counties and 26 critics from 11 countries. 3 students and the 2 critics in the CAD studio are the competition participating designers and critics respectively. The methodological steps are as follows: 1. A qualitative analysis: observation and interview of the 3 participants and 2 reviewers who join both the CAD studio and the competition. The 4 analytical criteria are the kinds of presenting media, the kinds of supportive media (such as verbal and gesture/facial data), stages of the review processes, and interaction between the designer and critics. The behavioral data are acquired by recording the design presentation and dialogue within 3 months. 2. A quantitative analysis: statistical analysis of the detailed reviewing data in the CAD studio and the competition. The four 4 analytical factors are the reviewing time, the number of reviewing of the same project, the comparison between different projects, and grades/comments. 3. Both the qualitative and quantitative data are cross analyzed and discussed, based on the theories of design thinking, design production/appreciation, and the appreciative system (Goodman 1978, 1984).The result of this study indicates that the interaction between design production and appreciation during the review processes could differ significantly. The review processes could be either linear or cyclic due to the influences from the kinds of media, the environmental discrepancies between studio and Internet, as well as cognitive thinking/memory capacity. The design production and appreciation seem to be more linear in CAD studio whereas more cyclic in the Internet environment. This distinction coincides with the complementary observations of designing as a linear process (Jones 1970; Simon 1981) or a cyclic movement (Schon and Wiggins 1992). Some phenomena during the two processes are also illustrated in detail in this paper.This study is merely a starting point of the research in design production and appreciation in the computer and network age. The future direction of investigation is to establish a theoretical model for the interaction between design production and appreciation based on current findings. The model is expected to conduct using revised protocol analysis and interviews. The other future research is to explore how design computing creativity emerge from the process of producing and appreciating.
series AVOCAAD
email aleppo@cc.nctu.edu.tw
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id 4fa1
authors Lee, E., Ida, Y., Woo, S. and Sasada, T.
year 1999
title Environmental Design Using Fractals in Computer Graphics
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 533-538
summary Computer graphics have developed efficient techniques for visualisation of the real world. Many of the algorithms have a physical basis, such as computational models for the light and the shadow, models of real objects (buildings, mountains, roads and so on) and the simulation of natural phenomenon. Now computer graphics techniques provide the virtual world with a perception of three dimensions. The concept of the virtual world and its technology have been expanding and intensifying in recent years. Almost everything in the real world has been simulated in virtual world. When it comes to a terrain model, what we need is labour and time. But now it is possible to simulate terrain like the real world using fractals in computer graphics with a very small program and small data set. This study aims to show how to build a real world impression in the virtual world. In this paper the authors suggest a landscape design method and show the results of its application.
keywords Fractals, Polygon-Reduction, Computer Graphics, Virtual World, Collaboration
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:52

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